Grammar: The Gerund: a didactic analysis on the web-site for teachers and learners of English as a secondary language from a German point of view
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The Gerund - a didactic analysis for German learners of English


Form Function Curriculum Difficulties Situations
1. present/active:

verb + -ing

2. present/passive:

be + -ing + past participle 

3. past/active:

have + -ing + past participle

4. past/passive:

have + -ing + been + past participle 

nominal gerunds

verbal nouns as

- subject

- object

- complement

- a prepositional 
  complement

• to verbs, 
  adjectives 
  and nouns
• tied to an object
• connected to 
  an adverb

1. Lehrplan

form 7/8

2. Lehrbuch

previously
done:

- -ing-form (progressive verb forms, present participle)

- phrases 
(I like 
swimming.)

1. form

- spelling 
  (double consonants,
    omission of silent ‘e’)

- passive

2. function

- the variety of functions

3. interlingual interferences

  German object,
  adverbial phrase or
  infinitive with ‘zu’

4. intralingual interferences
- difference between participle and 
   gerunds
- only certain phrases,adjectives and 
  nouns are followed by gerund
- verbs with gerund or infinitive 
  (sometimes with difference in meaning)

5. other difficulties

1. hobbies and recreational activities

2. rules and regulations

3. with emotional verbs or verbs expressing beginning, continuation or ending


<Click here and you will always get back to the table of contents>
Table of Contents
The Gerund:a didactic analysis HOMEback to the homepagePAGE back to the previous page back to
Prepositional phrases
go on to
 Comparisons: Didactic analysis
on to the next page