Grammar: Learning strategies: "Past tense" on the web-site for teachers and learners of English as a secondary language from a German point of view
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Learning strategies:
"Texts"
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G. Bock, I. Reif, K.F. Maas:
Lernstrategien: Arbeiten mit Texten


Skills
Strategies
Activities
Examples
1. listening
  • pre-listening
Discriminate sounds.
Predict.
Tick the odd man out: bed-bet-bet.
Look at headlines. Guess. Find general questions.
 
  • while-listening
Comprehend. Complete the grid. Fill in the missing words.....
 
  • post-listening
Check. Listen for answers to general questions. Read between the lines. Scan. Summarise. Extend notes to spoken reports.
2. speaking imitation Repeat along the speaker. 
All together.
Fill in gaps. Reorganise *. Reconstruct *. Transform *. Invent *. Practise *. Play *. 
*defective texts, wrong texts, disordered texts, new texts, "call my bluff".
  mimicry memorisation Play roles. Use role-cards. Use the different functions of " Saying 'Hello' ", "Introducing yourself", "Asking questions" and "Giving answers", "Saying 'Thank you' " and "Good bye"
  stating your opinion Make a speech. Use the different functions:1. delaying tactics, 2. explaining the problem, 3. stating different views, 4. stating your opinion, 5. summing up, 6. giving an outlook.
3. reading
  • pre-reading
Read quickly.
Preview.
Guess the following word. (Cloze technique)
Guess from the heading or an illustration.
 
  • while-reading
Extract information. Put the pictures into the right order.
Find headings for different paragraphs.
 
  • post-reading
Skim.
Scan.
Take notes. Make flow-charts, time-line-displays. Practise cross-reading, with the help of structural grids like "gate", "lightning", "circle"
4. writing story writing Find an order
Make a mind map
Fill in gaps. Reorganise *. Reconstruct *. Transform *. Invent *. Practise *. 
*defective texts, wrong texts, disordered texts, new texts, 
"call my bluff".
5. meta-
    strategies
  • organizing thoughts
Find the structure. 
Make mind maps.
Find the problem question and different headings to answer it. 
Find information in libraries, internet.
Looking for material, sort it out 
and make it available. 
 
  • organising activities:
  • partner work,
  • group work,
  • planning time,
  • planning work,
  • organising learning..
Prepare your desk.
Prepare your books.
Use methods of co-operation and dissent.
Use classroom talk.
Make a list of several methods for different targets.
Control their effectiveness.
Discuss methods of organising work, ways 
of deciding on different methods: 
trial and error, competition.
Discuss ways of presenting results.
Divide your work.
Use your time effectively.
Understand the tasks of your exercises.
 
  • organising vocabulary
File language, 
Find filing systems.
Use your dictionary.
Find generic and subordinate words, functions. Collect useful expressions. Make your own dictionary, mind maps. Prepare helping materials: lists of vocabulary, lists of functions. 
Use the lists of abbreviations, 
phonetic symbols.
6. evaluation 
    strategies
evaluating your work Work out evaluation criteria together. Make a list of rules, an evaluation board. Learn from mistakes and problems. Prepare your tests. Make a crib.

Products:

  • Make a quiz, make a questionnaire and make a survey, recite a poem, make a video-play, make an audio-play, present a show, present a role-play
  • Make a brochure, a file, file-cards, posters, an exposition in the school hall, surveys, statistics, a chapter of a history book, cartoons, essays, a magazine, a resource book, a scrapbook, a diary, a documentation, a guide, a homepage in Internet, write letters or e-mails
  • a grammar exercise book, a book of rules, a book of functions
  • Present a parents' meeting and show what you've done at school

  • <Click here and you will always get back to the table of contents>
    Table of Contents
    Learning strategies:
    "Texts"
    HOMEback to the homepagePAGE back to the previous page back to
    Lernen an Stationen
    go on to
    Analysing:
    "Texts" didactically
    on to the next page