Grammar: Past tense on the web-site for teachers and learners of English as a secondary language from a German point of view
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Simple past tense
 
Forms
  • looked [t]     after voiceless consonants    
    moved [d]    after voiced consonants and vowels 
    started [id]   after t and d
  • went     2nd form of irregular verbs
Functions
  • actions completed in the past at a definite time
  • narrative
Curriculum 1. Lehrplan:
  • Klasse 6
  • Kontrastierung mit present perfect tense Klasse 7
  • Wiederholung Klasse 9/10
2. Lehrbuch:
previously done:
  • present perfect - regular verbs : -ed
Difficulties 1. forms
  • pronunciation of -ed
  • irregular verbs
  • questions and negations with "to do"
2. function
  • reported speech
  • interrupting a progressive action in the past progressive
  • following an action in past perfect tense
3. inter-, intralingual interferences
  • different usage of the tense in spoken English or German
  • contrasts to present perfect tense
  • if-clauses type II
4. other difficulties
  • often used together with the past perfect or past progressive tense
  • ......ago
  • before
  • after
Situations
  • story-telling
  • reports
  • narration of past events
  • fairy tales

  •  

 

Past progressive
 
Forms
  • I / He / She / It  was      looking 
  • You / We / They were   looking
Functions
  • apparently continuous uninterrupted actions in the past
  • perhaps suddenly interrupted by an action in simple past tense
  • description (of pictures in picture stories)
Curriculum 1. Lehrplan:
  • Klasse 7
  • Verbindung mit simple past tense Klasse 7
  • Wiederholung Klasse 9/10
2. Lehrbuch:
previously done:
  • present progressive
  • past tens of to be
Difficulties 1. forms
  • was vs. were
2. function 3. inter-, intralingual interferences
  • different usage of the tense in spoken English or German
4. other difficulties
  • when
  • while
Situations
  • curriculum vitae
  • letters of application
  • narration of past events going on before they were suddenly interrupted


<Click here and you will always get back to the table of contents
Table of Contents
Example:
"simple past tense"
HOMEback to the homepagePAGE back to the previous page back to
"present perfect
with since and for"
go on to
Passive voice
on to the next page